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M.N.Litvinenko. Denticulate tools from the settlment Yarte VI. // Northern Archaeological Congress. Abstracts. P. 235-237.

In the archaeological collection from the Yarte VI settlement (excavations supervisors — N. V. Fedorova, A. V. Sokolkov) a group of denticulate tools (13 pieces) was identified, including two whole pieces and eleven fragmented ones. All tools were made on the flaked antler blades and worked with a metal knife. Unnecessary bulbs were removed from the surface; the blade ends were shaped as handles (non-working part) a denticulate blade between them was a work part of the tool. The denticules were of the same type — shaped as a truncated cone. Some pieces were worked up with polishing and scraping with a metal blade.

All pieces with the exception of one had one working edge (a small fragment of the work part with the denticulate shaping of both facets remained). The collection had samples of tools of various degree of wear, which made it possible to perform a more detailed study of their use. Not all the tools were well preserved: six pieces had heavily damaged external surfaces, so the linear traces could be seen only in isolated areas.

According to the shape of the edge several subgroups of tools were identified: straight edge (3 pieces), concave edge (7 pieces), and curved edge (3 pieces). According to the profile shape (cross-section) there were tools with the lens section (7 pieces) and tools with the segmental section (6 pieces). We did not establish any dependence between the shape of the edge in the plane and the cross-section.

The well-preserved tools had the so-called "greasy" shine over the whole surface, stronger on the work part (from contact with the worked material) and less expressed on the handles (from contact with hands). Linear shallow and smoothed traces on the work part were positioned, as a rule, in a continuous pattern at an angle to the edge of the blade. This type of traces in combination with the "greasy" shine was characteristic for the contact of bone with the soft organic matter.

Analysis of the group of denticulate antler tools from the Yarte VI site allowed concluding:

  • a set of stable signs of manufacturing and use allows referring them to a single functional group;
  • the nature of the linear traces makes it possible to define these pieces as the hide-working tools;
  • the variety of the shapes of tools in the plane and in profile can be the result of specifics of antler processing, or specialization of the tools.
   
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